These are the endemic species that can be seen in Puerto Rico:
- Puerto Rican Lizard-Cuckoo (Pájaro Bobo Mayor or Big Bobo Bird)
- Puerto Rican Nightjar (Guabairo de Puerto Rico)
- Green Mango (Zumbador Verde)
- Puerto Rican Emerald (Zumbadorcito de Puerto Rico)
- Puerto Rican Screech-Owl (Múcaro Común, Mucarito)
- Puerto Rican Tody (San Pedrito, Medio Peso)
- Puerto Rican Woodpecker (Carpintero de Puerto Rico)
- Puerto Rican Parrot (Cotorra Puertorriqueña, Iguaca, Amazona Vittatta)
- Puerto Rican Flycatcher (Jui de Puerto Rico)
- Puerto Rican Vireo (Bienteveo)
- Puerto Rican Tanager (Llorosa)
- Puerto Rican Spindalis (Reina Mora)
- Puerto Rican Oriole (Calandria)
- Yellow-shouldered Blackbird (Mariquita or Capitán)
- Elfin-woods Warbler (Reina de Bosque Enano)
- Adelaide's Warbler (Reinita Mariposera)
- Puerto Rican Bullfinch (Comeñame)
In Puerto Rico, the use of sayings is widespread, and some use birds' behavior as a reference.
Learn some of the most famous adages and their meaning:
A cada guaraguao le llega su pitirre - The pitirre is a small bird that attacks specifically the guaraguao, a large hawk. The phrase implies that just because someone or something is physically large does not mean that it will automatically dominate someone much smaller. It is commonly used against people of power, suggesting that they will soon have a downfall.
Averiguao – a person interested in finding out something; sometimes used to describe a “nosy” or curious person. It’s commonly related to “el guaraguao” because it rhymes.
No para el pico – It references a bird pecking or singing, and it is used to describe a person who either talks too much or eats too much.
Ahora los pájaros le tiran a las escopetas – A saying that depicts that the roles are reversed or that a person is rebelling against their superior.